The Temagami First Nation originally was known, before government interference, as the Teme-Augama Anishnabai and was an autonomous and self-governing people who lived in harmony with each other and the land. Circa 1907 the people were separated by the Federal government into status and non-status Indian peoples. This created for the first time a split of the people into different categories as recognized by an external government; a government that recognized and created an Indian Band by their own definition and designated who those members would be.  Great hardship came to the people through the acts of flooding, encroachment on family lands for commercial purposes, prohibitions on trapping and moose hunting and even restrictions on the cutting of firewood.

The Teme-Augama Anishnabai’s homeland is known as n’Daki Menan in our language. Daki Menan is approximately 10,000 square kilometers in size and is bordered by Marten River in the south, Elk Lake in the north, the Montreal River in the east and the Sturgeon River in the west. Archeological research has confirmed Teme-Augama Anishnabai presence on Daki Menan for at least 6000 years. n'Daki Menan is comprised of 14 family territories that provided all of them with all they needed. Their well being in terms of physically, mentally and spiritually was all drawn from the land and its resources. Food and medicines from the animals and forest plants were plentiful, and provided sustenance as well as health as needed. Their spirituality was connected to all living and non-living things within and surrounding their homeland. Life was not just an existence to stay alive. It was a life that was lived in harmony with all that the Creator had provided. The people realized they were only a part of the creation that connected all things to live in balance and respect of each other.